Validation of a test or test use is evaluation (Guion, 1980; Messick, 1980), so I propose here to extend to all testing the lessons from program evaluation. What House (1977) has called “the logic of evaluation argument” applies, and I invite you to think of “validity argument” rather than “validity research” （中略） Validation speaks to a diverse and potentially critical audience; therefore, the argument must link concepts, evidence, social and personal consequences, and values (Cronbach, 1988, p. 4).
Cronbach, L. J. (1988). Five perspectives on the validity argument. In H. Wainer & H. I. Braun (Eds.) Test Validity (pp. 3-17). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.